is currently the director of the CALEM Institute (Marseille). He did a master’s degree from the École normale supérieure de Paris
(ENS), a doctorate in social psychology, and a doctorate from the École des hautes études en sciences sociales
(EHESS). He was the founder of the association of queer Muslims in France, Homosexuel-es musulman-es de France
(HM2F), as well as the association for young people living with HIV/AIDS in France, Tour du monde des enfants du sida
(TMDES). In addition, he was the founding imam of the first European inclusive mosque (Paris).