Beowulf and the North before the Vikings
Beowulf and the North before the Vikings
€ 18,95
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Preface and Acknowledgements

Introduction: Fantasy or History?

Chapter 1: Poetry and Archaeology

Chapter 2: Old Legend, New Reality

Chapter 3: The Bigger Picture

Chapter 4: The Non-National Epic?

Further Reading

Thomas Shippey

Beowulf and the North before the Vikings

Ever since Tolkien’s famous lecture in 1936, it has been generally accepted that the poem Beowulf is a fantasy, and of no use as a witness to real history. This book challenges that view, and argues that the poem provides a plausible, detailed, and consistent vision of pre-Viking history which is most unlikely to have been the poet’s invention, and which has moreover received strong corroboration from archaeology in recent years. Using the poem as a starting point, historical, archaeological, and legendary sources are combined to form a picture of events in the North in the fifth and sixth centuries: at once a Dark and a Heroic Age, and the time of the formation of nations. Among other things, this helps answer two long-unasked questions: why did the Vikings come as such a shock? And what caused the previous 250 years of security from raiders from the sea?
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Thomas Shippey

Tom Shippey has published extensively on Tolkien and on early medieval literature. His last book is Laughing Shall I Die: Lives and Deaths of the Great Vikings (2018).